Diversity and levels of endemism of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica – an updated checklist
Daniel A. Cáceres González1,2, Katharina Schulte1,3,4, Marco Schmidt1,2,3, Georg Zizka1,2,3
1 Abteilung Botanik und molekulare Evolutionsforschung, Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut Frankfurt/Main, Germany 2 Institut Ökologie, Evolution & Diversität, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main, Germany 3 Biodive rsität und Klima Forschungszentrum (BiK-F), Frankfurt/Main, Germany 4 Australian Tropical Herbarium & Center for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, James Cook University, Cairns, Austrália.
This paper is dedicated to the late Harry Luther, a world leader in bromeliad research.
Abstract An updated inventory of the Bromeliaceae for Costa Rica is presented including citations of representative specimens for each species. The family comprises 18 genera and 198 species in Costa Rica, 32 species being endemic to the country. Additional 36 species are endemic to Costa Rica and Panama. Only 4 of the 8 bromeliad subfamilies occur in Costa Rica, with a strong predominance of Tillandsioideae (7 genera/150 spp.; 75.7% of all bromeliad species in Costa Rica). 124 species (62.6%) grow exclusively epiphytic, additional 59 spp. (29.8%) are facultative epiphytes. The most diverse genus is Werauhia, with 59 species (29.8% of the Costa Rican bromeliad flora), followed by Tillandsia with 40 species (20.2%) and Guzmania with 28 spp. (8.6%).