Genus and Species?


Aechmea fendleri Andre ex Mez, DC. Monogr. Phan. 9: 223. 1896.

Aechmea paniculigera Grisebach, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Gott. for 1864: 17. 1865; in part, not as to basionym.

Aechmea fendleri Andre, Bromel. Andr. 13. 1889; nomen provisorium.

Aechmea porteoides Britton, Bull. Torrey Club 48: 328. 1922. Type. Mount Tocuche, Trinidad, Brit­ton, Hazen & Mendelson 1342 (NY).

Desc from S&D

Leaves rosulate, 9 dm long;

Sheaths subovate, subdensely brown-lepidote;

Blades linear, abruptly acute and sometimes ending in a soft spine, 55 mm wide, chartaceous, serrate toward base with brown spreading spines 2 mm long and toward apex with smaller antrorse ones, glabrous above, brown-lepidote beneath.

Scape decurved; scape-bracts soon deciduous.

Inflorescence paniculate, cylindric, interrupted, 2- 7 dm long, the terminal spike 15 cm long, simple, pale-lepidote;

Primary bracts small and in­conspicuous;

Branches subfasciculate, wholly fertile, laxly 2-4-flowered, 2-6 cm long;

Rhachis strongly geniculate, slender.

Floral bracts spreading or reflexed, linear-subulate to a soft point, 5 mm long, entire, free from the rhachis;

Flowers sessile, 23 mm long.

Sepals free or nearly so, strongly asymmetric with a large wing on the right side, spreading-mucronulate, 12 mm long, nerved;

Petals acute, mucronulate, 17 mm long, bearing 2 crenate scales at base;

Stamens included, the second series adnate to the petals to above the scales;

Ovary subclavate, stout, 8 mm long, 6 mm in diameter; epigynous tube very large, funnelform.

Type. Fendler 2454 (holotype, K; photo K 7447; isotype, GH), near Colonia Tovar, Venezuela, 1856-57.

Distribution. Epiphytic in humid forest, 500-1300 m alt, Venezuela and Trinidad.

 VENEZUELA. Moritz 299 (BM). Nueva Esparta: Isla Margarita, 2 Jul l903, J. R. Johnston 209 (GH, US); Cerro San Juan, Sep 1948, Croizat s n (F); 9 Nov 1951, Foster 2795 (US, VEN); Matasiete, 10 Nov 1951, Foster 2803 (US, VEN); Dec 1951, Gines 2938 (US); Aug 1953,3732 (US). Monagas: Valle de Caripe, 9 Apr 1945, Steyermark 61890 (GH). Distrito Federal: Avila, Caracas, 30 Dec 1943, Steyermark 55075 (GH); Petaquire to Carayaca, 12 Feb 1966, Steyermark 94776 (US, VEN). Yaracuy: Nirgua, 11 Mar 1967, Steyer­mark & Bunting 97695 (US, VEN); Cerro Negro, Sierra de Aroa, 13 Nov 1967, Steyermark & Wessels-Boer 100413 (US, VEN). TRINIDAD. Tucuche, 27 Feb 1893, Broadway 1997 (TRIN); s d Simmonds 362 (TRIN); Aripo, Jan 1922, Broadway 9915 (GH, NY, TRIN, US); St. Clair, 5 May 1913, McLean s n (TRIN); Morne Bleu, 13 Mar 1921, Britton, Freeman & Bailey 2274 (GH, NY); Bailey s n (BH); 8 Mar 1956, A. C. Smith 10047 (US); 1944, Pittendrigh 1267 (US); Blanchisseuse Road, 17 Apr 1925, Broadway 5590 (F, GH); s d, 6008(BM, MO); Maracas, 29 Mar 1931, Broadway 7460(GH); Arima Valley, 1944, Pittendrigh 1264 (US).